Researchers engineering new drug to beat blood cancers

RNA technology used to target gene defects in blood cells that lead to diseases like leukemia

Researchers engineering new drug to beat blood cancersA University of Alberta researcher is hot on the trail of a new drug to combat blood cancers. Based on RNA technology — best known for the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines — the drug targets specific gene defects in blood cells responsible for cancers such as leukemia. “With conventional cancer drugs, there is a…

Not enough men in their 40s get screened for diabetes: study

Undiagnosed, untreated illness could lead to heart disease later in life, says lead researcher

Not enough men in their 40s get screened for diabetes: studyNot enough men in Alberta – especially those in their 40s – are getting tested for diabetes, putting them at risk for heart disease, cancer and other illnesses, according to new population health research published in The Lancet Regional Health – Americas. “My main message to young men is that early diagnosis is critical because diabetes…

Eat less meat, save the environment and pay less at the grocery store

Flexitarians have decreased risk of heart disease and Type 2 diabetes and reduced risk of cancer

Eat less meat, save the environment and pay less at the grocery storeFor a number of years, I talked about becoming a vegetarian. I could see the health and environmental benefits, but completely removing meat seemed a bit extreme for my tastes. I recently discovered flexitarianism, a vegetarian diet where one eats meat occasionally. I limit my intake of meat and seafood, but I can still enjoy…

New targets found for diagnosing, treating aggressive cancers

A mystery solved, a paradigm shifted

New targets found for diagnosing, treating aggressive cancersResearchers working in a U of A laboratory have uncovered two previously unknown ways that metabolism triggers cancer cell growth, uncovering potential new pathways for diagnosis and treatment. Both papers come out of the laboratory shared by Evangelos Michelakis, professor and associate chair of research in the Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry and Canada Research Chair in Applied Molecular and…

New evidence shows cancer is not as heritable as once thought

Recent review highlights need to gain a broader scientific view of cancer to better prevent and treat it

New evidence shows cancer is not as heritable as once thoughtWhile cancer is a genetic disease, the genetic component is just one piece of the puzzle – and researchers need to consider environmental and metabolic factors as well, according to a research review by a leading expert at the University of Alberta. Nearly all the theories about the causes of cancer that have emerged over the…

Lasers could revolutionize medicine, future energy needs

Evidence suggests laser-based fusion energy could actually be a viable

Lasers could revolutionize medicine, future energy needsA beam of protons painlessly penetrates human tissue until it terminates inside a cancer tumour, where each particle deposits a micro-explosion of radiation energy. The beam is precisely calibrated, targeting only the tumour and leaving surrounding tissue unharmed. Called “proton therapy,” this revolutionary medical treatment is just one application of a relatively new technology using…

Regular exercise, healthy diet could improve odds of surviving cancer

New American Cancer Society guide for survivors highlights exercise, nutrition as key long-term factors

Regular exercise, healthy diet could improve odds of surviving cancerEngaging in regular physical activity and following a healthy diet could help cancer survivors increase their likelihood of long-term survival and reduce the odds of their cancer coming back, according to the American Cancer Society’s newly released guidelines for cancer survivors. “From a cancer patient perspective, these are the things you can do for yourself, to help…

How antibodies are fine-tuned to fight infection

Discovery provides insight into improving vaccines, understanding cancer

How antibodies are fine-tuned to fight infectionResearchers have uncovered new information about a cellular mechanism in the immune system that provides a critical step toward a better understanding of how antibodies evolve and improve in the human body. The antibodies our immune system produces need fine-tuning to reach maximum effectiveness. When a vaccine or pathogen is first introduced into our bodies,…

Five ways women can champion their own health

International Women’s Day encourages everyone to ‘Break the Bias’ in health care and research

Five ways women can champion their own healthIf you are a woman – or love one – here are some facts that may surprise you: Almost three-quarters of the 750,000 Canadians who have Alzheimer’s are women. Women are 20 per cent more likely than men to develop lung cancer if they smoke the same number of cigarettes. Heart attacks are not recognized…

Teaching a computer to read doctors’ notes will capture valuable data

Algorithm scans pathology, radiology reports for information to aid researchers in improving outcomes

Teaching a computer to read doctors’ notes will capture valuable dataEvery time you enter a phrase or a sentence into Google search, algorithms kick in using a technique called natural language processing to understand what you really want to know and then find you an answer. Now University of Alberta researchers will use a similar approach to develop a computer program that can “read” doctors’…
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